Data recovery is the process of restoring data that has been lost, accidentally deleted, corrupted, or made inaccessible.
In enterprise IT, data recovery typically refers to the restoration of data to a desktop, laptop, server, or external storage system from a backup.
Most data loss is caused by human error, rather than malicious attacks, according to Nigerian Industry statistics released in 2020. In fact, human error accounted for almost two-thirds of the incidents reported to the Nigerian Communications Commission's Office. The most common type of breach occurred when someone sent data to the wrong person or used a computing system not secured.
Other common causes of data loss include power outages, natural disasters, equipment failures or malfunctions, accidental deletion of data, unintentionally formatting a hard drive, damaged hard drive read/write heads, software crashes, logical errors, firmware corruption, continued use of a computer after signs of failure, physical damage to hard drives, laptop theft, and spilling coffee or water on a computer.